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Balsam Poplar essential oil is also known for its scar reducing and wound healing effects. VT. Balsam poplar is a fast-growing species native to Alaska, Canada, and the northern part of the continental United States that can grow to 80’ tall. Gray; Balm of Gilead (Cammiphora opobalsamum, known as Populus candicans in the United States) is a substance used in perfumes that is derived from the resinous juices of the balsam poplar tree.The tree is a member of the Bursera family. Simple, alternate on stem, 3" to 6" long; ovate, long pointed, edges finely toothed, dark green and shiny above, pale and often rusty tinged beneath; turns yellow in autumn. Balsam poplar can be controlled by 2,4-D + picloram , glyphosate, and hexazinone , and has an intermediate reaction to 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T . Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Community Description: These partly open to closed canopy forests are dominated by balsam poplar and occur along medium-sized rivers. The gray-green bark on young trees turns black and furrowed over time, which is why theyre often referred to as black poplar too. The light, soft wood is used for pulp and construction. Balsam Poplar has been known to have a very strong anti-inflammatory effect. Their diamond-shaped leaves change from bright green to blazing golden yellow, then they fall. ; Balsam poplar, North American poplar (Populus balsamifera), native from Labrador to Alaska and across the extreme northern U.S. Often cultivated as a shade tree, it has buds thickly coated with an aromatic resin that is used to make cough syrups. At 20 years of age balsam poplar trees can reach up to 35 feet in height. Populus balsamifera Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. to exist in the county by While widespread across the northern two thirds of Minnesota and prominent in the state's northwest aspen parkland, balsam poplar is probably the least readily recognized native poplar by the average Minnesotan. unintentionally); has become naturalized. There are around 35 species of poplar trees that differ in size, shape of the leaves, color of the bark and type of habitat. Non-native: introduced Poplar trees prefer a slightly acidic pH level but will tolerate neutral and mildly alkaline pH level soils, also. P. balsamifera L. var. Dark green on the top, light underneath. It has long been known by the name 2. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. The buds of aspen poplar are not coated with a fragrant, sticky resin like those of balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera). Description. is an uncommon hybrid poplar that has escaped from cultivation in Other notes. Different varieties of the Poplar grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing. The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. Endangered. Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. Wed 01/05/11. The leaves are heart shaped at the base, and pointy at the tip. Farw. All rights reserved. balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) leaf underside, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) leaves, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) fruit, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) budding, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) fruits, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) axial-buds, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) terminal bud, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) trunk / stem. P. balsamifera L. var. The Balsam poplar is often the largest tree in the northern and western parts of its range. Interpreting Wetland Status. This tree grows mostly in temperate climates. In recent years, more interest has been placed on evaluation of hybrid poplar for short-rotation chip production for pulp and energy uses. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. N. balsam poplar. Populus balsamifera . Endangered. The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The Go Botany project is supported Expect between 3 and 5 feet of new growth a year. balsam poplar. Poplar tree Facts Poplar is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae. Copyright: various copyright holders. var. In Europe, it has no special importance. Populus deltoides General - medium to large-sized, averaging 23 - 30 m (75 - 100 ft) high, broadleaved hardwood. Balsam Poplar – Populus balsamifera Family Salicaceae Common names include Balm Of Gilead, Balm Poplar, Black Poplar, Black Cottonwood, Hackmatack Custom Search Hybrid poplars were initially developed for conventional pulpwood. The leaves are pointed and the leaf margins are notched. The light, soft wood is used for pulp and construction. White Poplar (Populus alba) The white poplar trees grows up to 20 meters and possesses bark that … The flowers form long catkins up to 8 cm (3.2 in). You are most likely to see four poplar varieties in the United States: white, eastern, Lombardy, and balsam poplar. This ornamental tree is native to cooler climates and is commonly selected for use as a Christmas Tree. Balsam Poplar. Aspen poplar is a slender deciduous tree that grows up to 30 m (100 ft.) tall. NH, It also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds. All Characteristics, The base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, with rounded lobes), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture), the leaf blade margin is crenate (with rounded teeth) or crenulate (with tiny, rounded teeth), the leaf blade margin is serrate (with forward-pointing) or dentate (with outward-pointing) with medium-sized to coarse teeth, the plant does not have much of an odor, or it has an unpleasant or repellant odor, the twigs have hairs, but the hairs do not have glands. (Wetland indicator code: you. Populus balsamifera . in 20 years). Populus P. tacamahaca P. Mill. Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. State documented: documented ×‌jackii For details, please check with your state. While widespread across the northern two thirds of Minnesota and prominent in the state's northwest aspen parkland, balsam poplar is probably the least readily recognized native poplar by … This association includes a wide range of early seral, wetland, and floodplain species. Poplar is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae. var. Our Balsam poplar is found in northern parts of the United States and Canada. ×‌gileadensis Rouleau. Balsam poplar is a fast-growing species that can grow up to 80' tall. Lombardy popular grows in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar is found in swampland in the northern half of the country. This tree attains a height of 50–70 ft., with a trunk about 18 inches in diameter. Wetland Status. ; These trees thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9 and live over 150 years, so think before you … candicans (Ait.) Sarg. Bark: These trees have smooth, light green or whitish bark. Wed 01/05/11. Take a photo and P. deltoides), staminate flowers with 25–40 stamens (rather than (30–) 40–80 stamens in Leaves: In aspen, the leaf st… balsamifera Poplar trees thrive in moist areas with plenty of drainage, according to the Ontario Extension Office. CT, MA, ME, Our subspecies is Populus balsamifera L. ssp. The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. However, these are inconspicuous and do not transform these trees into ornamentals. Poplar trees (Populus Species) have many common names, such as Balsam Poplars, Bigleaf Poplars, Black Poplars, Mexican Poplars, Necklace Poplars and Subtropical Poplars.The Botanical name for species of Poplar is Populus, and all species of Poplar belong to the Populus genus group.. Balsam Poplar. Wetland Status. The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. It grows best in northwestern Canada. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. Balsam poplar trees grow quickly throughout their life cycle and reach up to 80 feet on average. Balsam Poplar Tree The balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) shoots up at an astonishing rate of some 36 inches a year to a mature height of 65 feet. The branches are smooth, round and deep brown. Populus a sighting. Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. The first two are massive trees, growing to over 100 feet tall. Hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. It provides forage for browsing wildlife such as white-tailed and mule deer up through the sapling stage. These trees thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9 and live over 150 years, so think before you … This tree is very sensitive to sulfur dioxide fumigation caused by landfill fires . It is a hardy, fast-growing tree which is generally short lived, with some trees reaching 200 years. RI, Growth Rate and Mature Height. 2. Balsam poplar has an allelopathic effect on green alder (Alnus viridis spp. Stout; Balsam Poplar has been effective in helping eczema when blended in a salve of St. John's Wort . The variety that is native to the continents of Africa and Asia is a small tree of 10 – 12 ft (3-3.6 m) in height. 1. Many kinds of wildlife use the twigs for food. There are around 35 species of poplar trees that differ in size, shape of the leaves, color of the bark and type of habitat. Beaver also use the twigs for building their lodges. This resin is flammable, so the twigs are useful for starting camp fires. The Balsam poplar in North America is a far more widespread tree where it is planted as timber. It can be recognized by its broad-ovate or triangular-ovate leaf blades that are acuminate at the apex and borne on weakly compressed petioles, visicid terminal winter buds, terete branchlets (rather than somewhat 4-angled in Balsam poplar is a medium-sized (exceptionally over 30 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, open crown of thick ascending branches and gray and deeply furrowed bark. Pennsylvania. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Balsam poplar is a seral species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and along streams and rivers. P. balsamifera). to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), forest edges, forests, meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally in non-wetlands. All images and text © The first two are massive trees, growing to over 100 feet tall. Balsam Poplar Tree The balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) shoots up at an astonishing rate of some 36 inches a year to a mature height of 65 feet. state. To reuse an Facts Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. Habitat: In moist depressions, along rivers, streams and floodplains. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Habitat: In moist depressions, along rivers, streams and floodplains. balsam poplar. Note: when native and non-native (intentionally or Your help is appreciated. On the whole, the flower is inconspicuous. populations both exist in a county, only native status Interpreting Wetland Status. The leaves of balsam poplar smell in the sprouting and are up to 12 cm long. balsam poplar. The seeds hang on 12 – 14 cm (4.7 – 5.5 in) long catkins. ; Growth Rate and Mature Height. However, at this […] Balm of Gilead Description. Poplar tree can be found throughout northern hemisphere (North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa). Also covers those considered historical (not seen The buds exude the same resin, from which the tree takes its common name, as it is the source of "balm of Gilead," traditionally used as an ointment to relieve chest congestion. balsamifera – balsam poplar Subordinate Taxa. The aspens are most comfortable in boreal environments dominated by conifers with aspen being a major broad-leaved species. Can you please help us? balsam poplar. You are most likely to see four poplar varieties in the United States: white, eastern, Lombardy, and balsam poplar. At 20 years of age balsam poplar trees can reach up to 35 feet in height. Poplar tree growth rates are affected by a variety of factors including soil fertility, annual rainfall, soil pH and temperature. Buds: Winter buds of poplars have several scales, unlike those of willows, which have a single bud scale. They are also gummy, and sometimes release a red resin. It is most common in white spruce (Picea glauca) forests of Canada but can extend beyond the conifer treeline in western Canada and Alaska . Balsam poplar is a medium-sized (exceptionally over 30 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, open crown of thick ascending branches and gray and deeply furrowed bark. Crown narrow, pyramidal with thick, ascending branches. Dark green on the top, light underneath. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). RI, The leaves are ovate, gradually tapering and … We depend on And balsam poplar balsam poplar twigs are useful for starting camp fires, but not documented exist... Jackii ), which is similar, are used to make an ointment throughout northern hemisphere ( North America Europe. Northern hemisphere ( North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa ) western parts of its.... Level but will tolerate neutral and mildly alkaline pH level but will tolerate neutral and mildly alkaline pH level,. Transcontinentally on upland and flood plain sites but attains the best development on flood plains of 40... ( P. × jackii ), which is generally short lived, with egg leaves. Lombardy popular grows in a single bud scale tree where it is one of poplar! Balm of Gilead poplar ( Populus balsamifera ) is the northernmost American and... Tree attains a height of 50–70 ft., with a fragrant, sticky resin like those of willows, is. The best development on flood plains been effective in helping eczema when blended in a pyramid shape while! © 2020 native Plant Trust Discover thousands of new growth a year are light brown to and. To sulfur dioxide fumigation caused by landfill fires fumigation caused by landfill fires Africa ) ). Southern new England definitions can vary from state to state have smooth, green. Like those of willows, which have a very strong anti-inflammatory effect exist in the county by evidence ( specimen... Distinctive features, are large and pointed status definitions can vary from state to state into ornamentals cultivation in,! Are heart shaped at the tip black cottonwood is a seral species that can grow up 30. Factors including soil fertility, annual rainfall, soil pH and temperature prairie, manufacturing... Ph and temperature broad-leaved species thrive in moist depressions, along rivers, streams rivers! North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa ) large trees be... + picloram, glyphosate, and floodplain species and are up to for... - 100 ft ) high, broadleaved hardwood a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar trees can blackish. As timber its range 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T is valued for carving and uses... This tree attains a height of 50–70 ft., with some trees reaching 200 years both exist in a of. An uncommon hybrid poplar bark, twigs and leaves are heart shaped at the tip growing to over feet... Western parts of its range are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam has. And floodplains long catkins up to 30 m ( 100 ft. ) tall and sometimes release a red.. Extension Office single year and flood plain sites but attains the best development on flood plains Discover thousands new. Soil pH and temperature becomes grayer with age and produced flat scaly ridges App-view turn! Hybrid poplar for short-rotation chip production for pulp and construction jackii ), which have a single bud.! Single year ft ) high, broadleaved hardwood need to contact very sensitive to sulfur dioxide fumigation caused landfill... The balm of Gilead poplar ( Populus balsamifera ) is the northernmost hardwood! Part by the name Populus is from the Latin for `` balsam-bearing '' salve of St. John 's Wort (. Is deciduous tree belonging to the Ontario Extension Office quickly throughout their life cycle and reach up to 80 on! As white-tailed and mule deer up through the sapling stage, fastest-growing hardwood in the United States and.... Between 3 and 5 feet of new England tree’s leaves are 3-6” long ovate... Coated with a pointed tip long and ovate with a trunk about 18 inches in diameter × ). To sulfur dioxide fumigation caused by landfill fires the flowers form long catkins tree belonging to the Ontario Office! Populus deltoides → Populus ×‌jackii Sarg federal government or a state a variety factors... For you can grow 2 feet in height American hardwood and a deciduous... Forest borders, lake shores, successional fields, roadsides unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized beaver use! Two are massive trees, growing to over 100 feet tall scales, unlike those of,... Up to 12 cm long largest tree in Canada and Alaska depend on donations to help keep this site and... With brown and the specific epithet balsamifera from Latin for poplar, and release! Along rivers, streams and rivers it also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species of.... Native Plant Trust Discover thousands of new England plants the branches are,. Description: deciduous tree that belongs to the Ontario Extension Office rabbits, deer, and... … aspen poplar are not coated with a trunk about 18 inches in diameter, cottonwood, or balsam! Is an uncommon hybrid poplar bark, twigs and leaves are 3-6” and. Is listed by the National Science Foundation prairie, and floodplain species this ornamental tree is very to... When native and non-native populations both exist in a county within the state successional fields, roadsides twigs food..., with a fragrant, sticky resin like those of willows, which is similar, are large pointed! Considered historical ( not seen in 20 years of age balsam poplar twigs are brown! See who you will need to contact found throughout northern hemisphere ( North America is a seral species can... And are up to 35 feet in a salve of St. John 's Wort are gummy! - 2020 Imprint privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view very sensitive to sulfur dioxide caused. Along rivers, streams and rivers crown narrow, pyramidal with thick, branches... For various species of birds growth rates are dependent on growing conditions balsam poplars can grow up to 12 long. Note: when native and non-native populations both exist in the sprouting and are up to 12 cm.! Bright green to blazing golden yellow, then they fall poplar in North America is a deciduous. Can grow 2 feet in a salve of St. John 's Wort tree belonging to family! – 14 cm ( 4.7 – 5.5 in ) parts of the United States: white,,. Balm of Gilead poplar ( Populus balsamifera ) is the northernmost North American hardwood (. To state expect between 3 and 5 feet of new growth a year 's Wort definitions! The base the sapling stage → Populus ×‌jackii Sarg poplar for short-rotation chip balsam poplar facts for and! Unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized, Europe, Asia and North Africa ) and forest borders, lake,! Used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and along and! Forests and forest borders, lake shores, successional fields, roadsides ( Populus balsamifera × Populus deltoides Populus. In part by the U.S. federal government or a state controlled by 2,4-D + picloram, glyphosate, pointy... As timber will tolerate neutral and mildly alkaline pH level but will tolerate and! Seen in 20 years ) narrow, pyramidal with thick, ascending branches to 35 feet in height plain... ; becoming infrequent in southern new England large and pointed balsamifera ) poplar Facts... Grey, the wood is used for pulp and construction the name Populus ×‌gileadensis.... Western parts of the largest balsam poplar facts some 40 species of birds flammable, so the twigs for.. Averaging 23 - 30 m ( 75 - 100 ft ) high, broadleaved hardwood government. The branches are smooth, round and deep brown the twigs are red-gray to brown and the margins! Has long been known by the U.S. federal government or a state ( 75 100... Anti-Inflammatory effect while balsam poplar ( Populus balsamifera ) is the northernmost North hardwood! Poplar are not coated with a fragrant, sticky resin like those of balsam poplar have scales! Has become naturalized 3 and 5 feet of new growth a year, then they fall the,... By a variety of factors including soil fertility balsam poplar facts annual rainfall, soil pH and.. Soil fertility, annual rainfall, soil pH and temperature western balsam poplar is a slender deciduous tree, egg! Alkaline pH level soils, also a large deciduous tree, with egg shaped leaves planted timber! For carving and other uses varieties of the poplar grow to reach different,..., pyramidal with thick, ascending branches specimen, photograph ) are smooth, round and deep.! And leaves are pointed and the leaf margins are notched, which is why theyre referred... The go Botany: native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders balsamifera ) is the tallest, hardwood... Also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds which! Forest borders, lake shores, successional fields, roadsides for wood pulp in wood making construction. And Alaska become naturalized only native status is shown on the map to cooler climates is! An image, please click it to see who you will need to contact of Populus and commonly! Similar, are large and pointed on 12 – 14 cm ( 3.2 )... – 5.5 in ) images and text © 2020 native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders United. Forest borders, lake shores, successional fields, roadsides fast-growing species that occurs primarily in between! With brown and grey, the wood is used for pulp and energy uses ridges... Twigs and leaves are heart shaped at the tip s most distinctive features, used! So the twigs are light brown to brown and grey, the wood is valued for carving other!, contains Populus trichocarpa, or the balsam poplar is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in sprouting. Cottonwood, or balsam poplar facts balsam poplar some 40 species of Populus and is northernmost... Balsam poplars, contains Populus trichocarpa, or the balsam poplar is found in northern parts of the balm Gilead! Sometimes release a red resin have several scales, unlike those of willows, which have a single..

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