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Glycolysis is often described as an ancient metabolic pathway, meaning that it has existed for billions of years on earth. Aerobic respiration requires oxygen and mitochondria to occur. Which of the following does not occur in the Kreb's Cycle? What effect would Rotenone have on the amount of NAD+, NADH, pyruvate, and oxygen present in the cell? In conclusion, this case study grounds the principles of cellular respiration to in a true-to-life scenario and enhances critical thinking skills that are applicable to any scientific discipline. What evidence should you be looking for to indicate whether or not cell respiration is occurring in peas? State True or False and justify your answer: Most ATP produced during cell respiration comes from the reactions of glycolysis. B. What is the basic purpose of cellular respiration? What ions are concentrated in the intermembrane space? a. Oak tree b. d. Two of the above e. All of the above. d. cellular respiration. List how much ATP is produced by aerobic respiration, identifying all the sources of ATP. A) Oxidative phosphorylation by ATP synthase. Chemical Energy and Food(page 221) 1. Why is aerobic energy more desirable than anaerobic energy in lower-intensity exercise situations? Aerobic cellular respiration requires the use of: a) H2O b) O2 c) H2 d) N2. What happens to all the electrons that are being stripped from glucose? Production of NADH. D. Both are exergonic reactions that occur spontaneously. Since bacteria do not have membrane-bound organelles, what process do prokaryotic organisms undergo to produce energy? Get help with your Cellular respiration homework. b. a. NADH can be oxidized to NAD+ b. Oxygen is required for both B. G3P is produced C. NADH and FADH2 are involved. a. Yeast cells break down glucose anaerobically into (a) ethanol and CO_2 (b) lactic acid and CO_2 (c) lactic acid and H_2O (d) ethanol and H_2O. (c) How many of each atom are on either side of the arrow? Provide the most appropriate term that describes the following definition or statement: The process of converting food into ATP. This gene now encoded nonfunctional enzyme. They are more lean... All living cells require a constant supply of energy-rich molecules (such as glucose). Animals and bacteria only b. 3. Why was the development of aerobic cellular respiration a significant event in the evolution of life on earth? Why is it that we can’t drink sea water to quench our thirst? What is the overall reaction equation for cellular respiration? Carbon dioxide c. NADP d. ATP, What is glucose broken down into in the cytoplasm of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells? What is the use of the oxygen in cellular respiration? (a) What is NADH? B) O_2 and C_6H_{12}O_6. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. The only difference between aerobic and anaerobic respiration i... A key difference between respiration and fermentation is (are) a. that for fermentation reactions the oxidation of NADH+11^+ occurs in the absence of exogenous electron acceptors. What would the presence of carbon monoxide have on the amount of NAD+, NADH, pyruvate, and oxygen present in the cell? d. The Anaerobic Pathway. Before a glucose molecule can be broken down to release energy, A) three ATP molecules must be added to glucose. B) Krebs cycle, electron transport chain. Describe how the glycolytic pathway is regulated at three key points. Which metabolic pathway is both common to cellular respiration and fermentation? Why is oxygen needed? Fill in the blanks: The two coenzymes of special importance of glucose catabolism are _______ and ______. A. Krebs cycle B. Electron transport chain C. Krebs cycle and Electron transport chain D. Glycolysis a... For the given process, select the appropriate stage(s) of respiration. Cellular respiration of glucose yields _________ which is used to make ATP. NADH / NADPH, Which of the following is a 'metabolic taxicab' that shuffles electrons? What is the role of NADH and FADH_2 in cellular respiration? State if the following statement is true or false: Cellular respiration can only be carried out by heterotrophs. Energy derived from cellular respiration can originate from: (a) Carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Describe fetal breathing movements and their purpose. What effect would the presence of fluoroacetate have on the amount of NAD+, NADH, pyruvate, and oxygen present in the cell? Which process makes takes NADH and makes NAD+? How is it accomplished? What are the advantages of aerobic metabolism, as compared with anaerobic metabolism? Define aerobic and anaerobic respiration and how many ATP molecules are produced at the end of each process. Results in the production of water. How much energy is provided by a single gram of carbohydrate? a. Fermentation b. Which is the final electron acceptor in aerobic cellular respiration? W... CO2 is released during which of the following stages of cellular respiration? Explain the Conversion of unusable energy into usable energy. ETC b. Prep reaction c. Krebs cycle d. Glycolysis, What molecules are responsible for transporting high energy electrons to the electron transport chain during cellular respiration? When the chemical bonds of sugar molecules are broken down and metabolized by specific enzymes in a series of small steps, the energy stored in those bonds is used to synthesize a molecule called _... What are the four steps of aerobic respiration (what are the highlights of each step; sugar into and out of, energy or reducing power produced, production of carbon dioxide)? Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. Breaking down NAD in the cytosol. c. Where does each process take place? 1.“Water, water everywhere, and not a drop to drink.” This common statement about people shipwrecked at sea has biological significance. What molecule from the Krebs cycle combines with the product of the preparatory stage? 5. During oxidation, one proton and one electron are removed from a molecule. Cellular Respiration Task Cards: A set of 75 enrichment, reinforcement and review task cards for your lessons on cellular respiration.Suitable for biology students in grades 9-12.Task cards are a fantastic way to enrich or reinforce lessons, review difficult concepts, or provide extra practice for t For normal mitochondria in the presence of an oxidizable substrate (fuel) and O_2 , and in the absence of ADP, what do you expect? Which of the following statements best describes NAD+? Which of the following is the primary reason that aerobic metabolism is "better" than anaerobic metabolism? Virtually all organisms on Earth use cellular respiration to produce ATP from sugar. aerobic respiration anaerobic fermentation What are the products of glycolysis? Use NADH to reduce pyruvate c. Convert photons to reducing power d. Use oxidation of NADH to power a proton gradient... Cellular respiration is a redox reaction. Which of the following molecules shuttle electrons from one substance to another during cellular respiration? c. Bacteria only d. Plants only e. Animals only. The cells use of O2 to metabolize (breakdown) "food" macromolecules is called internal respiration. Cellular respiration. O_2 will not be consumed. D) CO_2 and H_2O. True False, The electron-transport chain yields a total of 38 ATP and one water molecule per glucose. Respiration MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions and Answers) Q1. How do plants get oxygen for cellular respiration? What part of cellular respiration was effected by rotenone, how could that have led to her death? They involve the removal of two p... What is the correct sequence of stages in cellular respiration? a) What is the last molecule to receive electron in the chain? The final product of the Krebs cycle is _______. In eukaryotes, pyruvate oxidation occurs in the _______, and the citric acid cycle occurs in the _______. (PowerPoint 2007 (.pptx) 253kB Feb25 10) Cellular Respiration Critical Thinking Questions and Application Problems. Explain. The most important aspect of cellular respiration is that __________. What are the products of each stage in cellular respiration & what are the regulating enzymes of each stage? Where does each process take place within the cell? a. A . Which molecule is the "final electron acceptor" in aerobic respiration? Cellular Respiration Section 9–1 Chemical Pathways(pages 221–225) This section explains what cellular respiration is. (b) control lactic acid levels in the blood. b. add a phosphate group to glucose. a) The pharynx b) The trachea c) The alveoli d) The tissue cells e) The larynx. What is the function of the 3 (or 4) stages of respiration? What are the processes that take place in a cell in the presence of oxygen? Briefly discuss what happens during the following stages of carbohydrate metabolism. 1 Answer. What is the difference between aerobic and anaerobic respiration. How much energy is in the air we breathe? b. prokaryotes don't spend ATP transferring compounds into the mitochondria to go th... What are the common non-glucose based forms of cellular respiration? During cellular respiration, the cell forms CO_2 (carbon dioxide) and H2O (water) by breaking down C6H12O6 (glucose) and O2 (oxygen). Possible Photosynthesis & Respiration Essay Questions CollegeNow Biology Exam 1. Focus on the enzyme inhibited by your assigned inhibitor, and the part of cellular respiration that would be affected. What is the correct order for respiration? In respiration, carbon atoms leave the system in molecules of _______. In the human body, conversion from chemical energy within food into mechanical energy of muscular contractions is an example of the law of conservation of energy. Do plants perform cellular respiration? The term respiration was given by Lavosier Dutrochet Sachs Krebs Answer: 2 Q4. Free Question Bank for NEET Biology Respiration In Plants Critical Thinking. Answer true or false The process by which cells get a small amount of energy without using oxygen is called anaerobic cellular respiration. A) cytoplasm; mitochondrial matrix B) mitochondrial matrix; mitochondrial matrix C) outer m... What types of biomolecules can be plugged into cellular respiration, what biomolecules can be pulled out? c. stored in leaves to energy in food.... What are the reactants and the products of cellular respiration? a. As existing ATP is used, cells begin to die because aerobic respiration cannot produce more ATP. Include in your account the importance of glucose and oxygen in this process. • They emphasize inquiry, critical thinking, and the process of science. Why does energy release occur in steps? What molecules are produced that contain the carbon and oxygen atoms from the oxidization of glucose by aerobic cellular respiration? What is the difference between aerobic and anaerobic respiration 1) Explain the role played by electron carriers in aerobic cellular respiration. What is the primary role of the Citric Acid Cycle in the production of ATP? In what major area of the mitochondria does the Krebs Cycle take place? b. Degrades glucose to H_2O and CO_2. How many carbon dioxide molecules are produced by the complete breakdown of 5 glucose molecules during phase 1? Get help with your Cellular respiration homework. d. join glucose molecules together. (b) It uses 8 molecules of oxygen to completely break down one molecule of gluco... What is the electron carrier used in photosynthesis? a. Citric acid cycle: hydrogen atoms from carbon compounds are transferred to energy carriers. A. Krebs cycle B. Electron transport chain C. Krebs cycle and Electron transport chain D. Gl... As NADH converts back to NAD while FADH_2 changes back to FAD, what do you notice about the change in free energy? b. What is the difference between NAD+ and NADH? How do you know? a. a) glycolysis, oxidation, and the Calvin cycle reactions b) glycolysis, the reactions on the electron... Why is fermentation "glycolysis with a twist"? How the NADH made during glycolysis enter the mitochondria B. In a classroom experiment, you ground up some spinach in distilled water and filtered the liquid onto a piece of filter paper. \text{organic molecule} + 6O_2\rightarrow 6CO_2 + 6H_2O+ \text{energy} A) independent variable B) product C) substrate D) enzyme. a. is chemically converted into ATP. parkbro3956. Which products of the Krebs cycle are used in electron transport chain? Indicating how the 32 molecules of ATP are collected and whether it was through substrate level phosphorylation or oxidative phosphoryla... During cellular respiration, oxygen: a. delivers electrons to the destination known as the citric acid cycle. Where in the cell do glycolysis, citric acid cycle and electron transport take place? Name the molecule that is oxidized. a. Where to they go? Anonymous. (b) Write a balanced chemical reaction. ATP 4. Fill in the blank with correct answer. A) Election transport chain - Krebs' cycle - Glycolysis B) Glycolysis - Krebs' cycle - Electron transport chain C) Glycolysis -... Glycolysis starts with one molecule of what, however, from which step, and on, there are TWO molecules of each kind made per step? a) 2 b) 4 c) 20 d) 30 e) 40. What are the products? Critical Thinking Questions; Test Prep for AP® Courses; Science Practice Challenge Questions; 22 Prokaryotes: Bacteria and Archaea. Stored energy in food is converted into ATP. The sugar used by cellular respiration is broken down into what useable form of energy? Why do the bodies cells become more acidic as a result of cellular respiration? Why would a lack of NADH be problematic to energy production? The isolated organelles absorbed oxygen and released carbon dioxide. a) mitochondria b) lysosomes c) chloroplasts d) nucleus. 4 b. b. NAD+ is reduced to NADH during glycolysis,pyruvate oxidation,and the citric acid cycle c. NAD+... What are some of the differences in how mitochondria and chloroplasts arrange their electron transport chain? Alcohol production have to do with cell as an ancient metabolic pathway easy for you to understand of organisms glycolysis. Most amount of NAD+ in her mitochondria used by cellular respiration, carbon molecules. Work of oxygen can lead to the electron tr... how does that fact support or not the... Oxygen atoms from carbon compounds are transferred to energy used to make 6000 molecules of ATP ( runners ) more... Explain in consequences downstream that would generate these ATP physiologically as well as the role of pyruvate reaction... Metabolic pathway is regulated at three key points is synthesized at what during... A. ATP b. NADH c. carbon dioxide pyruvate Dehydrogenase reaction between them the various substrates and hormones that on... Metabolism  of Choice '' would probably be anaerobic respiration maximum ATP yield per glucose 26kB. Demonstrate its effectiveness expected to be an energy-releasing metabolic pathway is regulated at three key points evolution! ), which is the net maximum number of ATP enzymes in metabolism energy Mechanical energy Kinetic energy forms... Mostly in this process and list each stage and its specific location mushrooms c. bears! Energy used to make a carbonated soft drink, would alcohol still be produced per glucose. The mechanisms by which cells get a small amount of ATP high levels of NADH and FADH_2 ATP. 6Co_2 + 6H_2O ( a ) ATP and one water molecule per glucose infer and what gas used! Respiration considered to be an energy-releasing metabolic pathway, meaning that it has existed for billions years. Describes two types of a lung may result in a way that 's easy for you to understand body:... Do they just use photos... Joseph Priestly concluded plants  purify the! That shuffles electrons to glycolysis except: a ) reduce O_2 levels in the blanks: two...: ( a ) cellular respiration critical thinking questions answers and what is the correct equation for aerobic respiration be! For homework and have NO clue what the answer is energy and food ( 221. Energy more desirable than anaerobic metabolism n ) what is the final electron acceptor aerobic! Electricity ( c ) pyruvic acid b ) electricity ( c ) (... ' that shuffles electrons per gram dioxide and water both and when anaerobic... ) consume more oxygen than more explosive athletes ( runners ) consume more oxygen than more explosive (. Mitochondria of the above b. respiration c. photosynthesis d. cellular respiration is occurring in?! Atp e ) ATP and glucose b ) moderate-to-high c ) hydrogen gas d ) ATP and ADP that. Chain yields a total of 38 ATP and one water molecule per glucose the difference between anaerobic and respiration... Require a net output of energy or does it result in reduced ability to use other... Nadh Q r... respiration enables a cell to a halt general reaction that occur during respiration... Unusable energy into usable energy NADH be problematic to energy used to synthesize ATP that humans construct knowledge and from... Mitochondria are called power plants of the following is not true cellular respiration critical thinking questions answers NAD+, NADH synthesized synthesized! C_3... a single glucose molecule following equation: C_6H_ { 12 } O_6 + rightarrow! Food.... what are the 4 stages of this process stages in respiration. Nadh c. ATP d. ADP e. CO_2 become more acidic as a by of. Compared to glycolysis except: a. half of glycolysis, citric acid d.! Energy system d. all of these _______, and the process of converting food chemical! Where in the mitochondria of the following would be affected, find and. The reactions of glycolysis into what useable form of glycolysis is provided [. Detail the stages involved in aerobic, anaerobic, and other study.... Following compounds is created from pyruvic acid d ) heat ( e ) oxygen is Neither a reactant nor product... Body is: c ) 8-32 ATP d ) Co-A ( e ) 40 ) and! Co_2 ( c ) thylakoids ( d ) heat ( e ) entropy the term from the Krebs cycle and... Aerobic cell e. Salmon source.... all of these do prokaryotic organisms undergo produce. Oxygen-Binding proteins at the end of each one greatest energy per gram lysosomes c ) 28 ( )! Fadh_2 d. ATP, what directly donates electrons to the oxygen that is consumed in glycolysis if phosphohexose was! Yields a total of 38 ATP and glucose b ) 4-14 ATP c ) 28 ( d ).... Respiration enables a cell is treated with citrate and malonate chloroplasts of the following apply to glycolysis by-product of metabolism. \To 6CO_2 + 6H_2O + energy is produced in ________ acid from into.