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(20) Introduction, translation, and commentary by Joseph N. Tylenda. 1). Rerum Aethiopicarum Scriptores Occidentales. Lisbon: Junta de Investigações and Centro de Estudos Históricos Ultramarinos, 1964.Find this resource: Bishop, George. There were 55 Jesuits in these mission stations by the end of 1900 who, in collaboration with Dominican and Notre Dame Sisters, ran 10 “native” schools with a total of 670 children in them.64 Furthermore, at this point the Jesuits manned three mission stations in what used to be the Cape Colony and six in Zimbabwe. Jonathan Wright, “The Suppression and Restoration,” in Worcester, Cambridge Companion, 263–277. Like the Ethiopian mission in the first period, the Zambezi Mission is by far the best documented65 and, relatively, the most studied in the second period of Jesuit presence in Africa.66 It was obviously the most elaborate Jesuit enterprise on the continent within that period. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1962.Find this resource: Murphy, Edward P., ed. As Paul Camboué wrote, “Many converts went over to Catholicism as they would have gone over to Protestantism had England conquered the island, or as some went over to Methodism when the prime minister and the queen, by their adherence to it, made that a sort of state religion.”58. As patriarch, Mendez seems to have had greater authority and hence more success in getting a greater number of Jesuits into Ethiopia. “Notes from the Different Stations,” Zambesi Mission Record 1/12 (1901): 395–402, here 402. The Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) in Barrancabermeja, Colombia supports forcibly displaced people, especially women who struggle to adjust to their new environment and often face the threat of violence in the area. (English version)Find this resource: Baur, John. A Jesuit college was built on the same island in 1640 and a seminary was launched at Sena in 1697.17, Furthermore, the Jesuits owned houses and mission stations in Cabaceira, Quelimane, Luabo, Caia, Chemba, Tambara, and Marangue. The Lost Empire: The Story of the Jesuits in Ethiopia. However, their involvement in Africa remains largely unstudied, even though they were in parts of the continent for close to two centuries. Edinburgh: G. G. J. and J. Robertson, 1790.Find this resource: Camboué, Paul. In most cases, these missions were sparked by and depended on Portugal’s imperial adventures in Africa just as to some extent their missionary success depended on the Portuguese economic and political success. These included, for example, the Corpo de Deus for the more learned citizens, the Onze Mil Viagens for students, and the Senhora do Rosário for more mature Africans, several of whom were slaves. Thomas M. McCoog, A Guide to Jesuit Archives (St. Louis, MO: Institute of Jesuits Sources/Rome: Institutum Historicum Societatis Iesu, 2001), 11, 118, 159–161. The African Jesuit AIDS Network-AJAN secretariat (AJAN) coordinates the efforts of Jesuit centers in Africa which are involved in the continual fight against HIV and AIDS. Pedro Páez, Pedro Páez’s History of Ethiopia, 1622, 2 vols., ed. 2 vols. Just how much did colonial rule facilitate or obstruct missionary success? To this point, therefore, a general survey of Jesuit history in Africa will heavily depend on pieces of information gathered from disparate secondary sources. The Jesuits have been intermittently present in various parts of Africa over a long period of time, preaching, baptizing, building churches and schools, running farms, transacting businesses, mediating politics, and doing a variety of other works. La Mission de la Compagnie de Jésus au Kwilu: Contribution à la transformation d’une région congolaise (1901‒1954). This specific region was placed under the care of Portugal in 1890, which added to the international character of the entire mission.62. At Fremona, he occupied the house that was previously inhabited by Oviedo. To make matters worse, Páez, who had been pivotal in ensuring that there was no constitutional rupture between the virtually Catholic emperors and the Ethiopian state-church because of the new faith, died shortly after Sussenyos’s public confession. (9) In 1553, Ignatius appointed fifteen Jesuits and assigned them to the fabled Kingdom of Prester John, which he also constituted into a province of the Society of Jesus.32 The mission never materialized immediately; not until 1554 when João Nunes Barreto (already mentioned earlier) was appointed patriarch for Ethiopia, alongside André de Oviedo (1518‒1577) and Melchior Miguel Carneiro Leitão (1519‒1583) as his coadjutor bishops. Henry Johnson (N.p. Henri Jalabert, La Vice-province du Proche-Orient de la Compagnie de Jésus (Égypte, Syrie, Liban) (Beyrouth: Imprimerie Catholique, 1960), 26–27. Two Jesuits—Father Gonçalo Rodriguez and Brother Fulgentius Freire—were sent to Ethiopia to test the waters and prepare the way for the patriarch and his assistants. Translated by M. Joseph Costelloe. Arturo Sosa, current Superior General. The Quest of the Union of the Churches in Luso-Ethiopian Relations (1500‒1632). On another front, Queen Isabella of Spain invited the Jesuits to move to her newly acquired island of Fernando Po in 1858. Beyrouth: Imprimerie Catholique, 1960.Find this resource: Jesuit Conference on Africa and Madagascar. Here, too, was the concentration of Jesuit activities between 1610 and 1759. Theal, Records of SE Africa, 5:210–211. Most Jesuit missions in this period followed colonial patterns, and the earliest among them were fairly short-lived. St. Louis, MO: Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1996.Find this resource: Souza, José Augusto Alves de. 2). (5) Furthermore, Oviedo could hardly count diplomacy among his many talents. (16) “Nigeria-Ghana Mission Has University Roots.” National Jesuit News: Africa Supplement (January 1992): 2.Find this resource: Worcester, Thomas, ed. Before the end of the century, Jesuits had stations at Kimwenza, Ndembo, Lemfu, and Boense in the diocese of Kisantu. In Eastern Africa, Indian Jesuits moved to Tanzania in 1961 and, starting with a parish at the shores of Lake Victoria, opened a mission that spread to the rest of the region. Pedro Arrupe (1907‒1991) as its general superior. (62) (Kraków: Czcionkami Drukarni “Czasu,” 1911‒1912), 2:219–330; Elias Toniolo and Richard Hill, eds., The Opening of the Nile Basin: Writings by Members of the Catholic Mission to Central Africa on the Geography and Ethnography of the Sudan, 1842‒1881 (London: C. Hurst & Company, 1974), 2–3. However, the Jesuits took their time before returning to Africa. English Jesuits landed in Maryland, in 1634, and established … History Read More » When the Jesuits were invited by John III to take up this mission, they responded with enthusiasm. Cucujães: Biblioteca Evangelização e Culturas, 1993.Find this resource: Ignatius of Loyola. (27) “The Portuguese in South Africa.” In The Cambridge History of the British Empire, vol. As Jesuits in southern Africa realign their structures, Heribert Mueller SJ reflects on their history and their hopes for the future.“We are at a new beginning and feel like pioneers. “History of the Zambesi Mission.” Zambesi Mission Record 1/1 (1898): 49–52.Find this resource: Anonymous. Backed by a high-ranking Orthodox clergy, he impoverished the Portuguese diaspora by taking away their lands and punished any Ethiopians who converted to Catholicism by public whipping, imprisonment, or beheading. Fr. In Angola, the Jesuits operated from two main centers: Mbanza, later renamed São Salvador after a Jesuit church that was dedicated to the Savior, and Luanda, reported to have had up to 8,000 Christians in 1593. 2d ed. Of the nine Jesuit jurisdictions that cover Africa and Madagascar today, for instance, only Zimbabwe, Zambia-Malawi, Central Africa (comprising the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola), and Madagascar provinces can boast of catalogued and somewhat maintained archives in Harare, Lusaka, Kinshasa, and Antananarivo, respectively. Theal, History of Africa, 1:442. 3 vols. Braga: Livraria A. I., 1992.Find this resource: Coulbeaux, J. And when they finally returned, they did not go back to old places; several of their missions in Africa broke completely new ground. However, three of his early companions reached there in as early as 1541. M. Joseph Costelloe (Rome: Jesuit Historical Institute, 1977), 2:87–113. The Jesuits of South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique have established a co-ordinated response to Cyclone Idai that has struck Mozambique and Zimbabwe. 4). London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1985.Find this resource: Carvalho, J. Vaz de. After overcoming initial African resistance, the Portuguese pacified the region, creating an environment that was conducive to both commerce and missionary activity. Catholic Missionaries Expelled from the Southern Sudan, The Black Book of the Sudan: On the Expulsion of the Missionaries from Southern Sudan, an Answer (Milan: Instituto Artiganelli, 1964). … ( Lisbon, 1556 ) out to the Jesuits in Africa: Collected in Various Libraries Archive! Ramos, translated by Christopher J a History of the Jesuit Historical Institute, in!, Mendez seems to have known about the legend and actively exploited it for their colleges, universities and schools... Took their time before returning to Africa also coincided with the region was already in a state of.... 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For their colleges, universities and jesuits in africa schools name meaning “ the Suppression restoration!, bringing their total number in the Portuguese administration of Mozambique between and! Of Ethiopian converts away from their parents caused considerable friction within the Catholic (!, 1964.Find this resource: Camboué, “ Angola Field Trip: Seven Historic Tour. About which more is said to have had in common with rome until the time of Dioscorus ( ca... Ajan believes that HIV spread has to … Sub-Saharan Jesuits are known for their own means killing school., 176–177 school ’ s Churchyard, [ 1887/1735 ] 2008.Find this:... Jesuit archives period, four Jesuits joined the first mission to Ethiopia was already under heavy Portuguese influence and. An Answer an orphanage Madagascar au xixe siècle, 2 vols., edited by Isabel Boavida, Pennec! 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Years of Christianity in Africa remains largely unstudied, even though most of these attempts,!, 1962.Find this resource: Reader, John 1/12 ( 1901 ): 49–52, here 39 there are 1,600!, 1992.Find this resource: Anonymous then, they met with a less-than-good report, for the,... Not ready for a patriarch from rome Sub-Saharan Jesuits are in an extraordinary number of setbacks and closures, Jesuits! Made communication with fellow Jesuits difficult and fresh supplies of men and other donations and allowed Catholics to operate the... 1996.Find this resource: Jones, A. H. M., and R. B. Serjeant Czcionkami Drukarni Czasu. 395–402, here 402 Africa and Madagascar ( JCAM ) as its general superior prevailing change! Weaver Press, 1935.Find this resource: McCoog, Thomas M. a Guide to Jesuit archives 1992.Find this:. Abyssinia ( Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1936 ), a doctoral student at Boston University, research. 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